This represented an increase of 40 per cent on the previous year, with a fifth (around 600) of these victims coming from Albania.
Many women and young girls from poorer rural areas are most vulnerable from being trafficked.
Disillusioned men and frustrated soldiers attacked or threatened their partners with guns, rifles, bombs, or military knives.
Feminists pointed out the congruity between ethnic chauvinism and sexism: In both, differences are exaggerated, “Others” are perceived stereotypically, as of minor human value and as a threat to the nation and masculinity; domination and hierarchy are perceived as natural and worth the infliction of cruelty and violence.
The first one is of men’s heads (or upper bodies) at round tables, leaning over maps.
That image first appeared in the local and international press in 19, during the now almost forgotten series of meetings of the six newly elected presidents of Yugoslav republics who were unsuccessfully trying to find a political solution for the country’s political crisis.
They would not let me see.” ' Anna', who is in her late 20s, weeped as she spoke of the horrors that occurred in the hidden location.
She said: “I was raped every day.” She also stated that she was gang-raped by multiple men and kept imprisoned throughout her ordeal.
Amid all the vicious circles of violence in these wars, this remains constant: Women are bodies in pain, regardless of which ethnic group is at some point recognized as aggressor and which as victim.
Thankfully ‘Anna’ was able to escape and is now in a Salvation Army safe house but the man who is responsible for her trafficking has still not been caught.
Anne Read, director of the Salvation Army’s Anti Trafficking and Modern Slavery group, said similar cases have increased “exponentially.” Over 3,266 people were identified in the UK as being victims of modern slavery in 2015, according to the National Referral Mechanism.
(The media called them “the travelling circus.”) Men’s heads also came together at the “secret” meetings between presidents Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, during the wars in Croatia (1991-1992) and in Bosnia (1992-1995), and at the meetings held in Washington in 1994 and in Dayton in 1995.
During the war in Kosova, Serbian and KLA leaders did not meet officially, though there was that strange episode of Ibrahim Rugova’s “visit” to Belgrade.
By disentangling the heady mix of nationalism, chauvinism, ethnicity and gender construction, Vesna Kesic asks however, how far we really have advanced in our attitudes towards rape and institutionalised violence against women.